by EU Water Initiative Africa Working Group
More than 400 international treaties or agreements related to shared water resources have been signed since 1820, excluding agreements on navigation, fisheries, or the demarcation of borders. However, 60 per cent of international basins do not have any cooperative management framework in place (De Stefano et al., 2010) .
Out of the 263 major international rivers, 59 are in Africa (Wolf, 2002). Some of these major river/lake basins are shared by as many as ten or more African countries and ten major river basins are shared by more than four African countries. The political boundaries of fourteen African countries almost entirely fall within the catchment areas of one or more transboundary river systems. Twelve African countries are co-riparians to four or more river basins.
This survey uses a wide response group by including transboundary basin organisations (TBOs). It also includesfinancial support from riparian states.
The purpose of the mapping is two-fold: 1. Provide thebasis, within the European development partner community, for enhancing aid effectiveness and division of labour in the area of transboundary water management; and 2. Compile and disseminate, particularly to potential beneficiaries, information on current development partners’ support and policy priorities; their implications vis-à-vis the implementation of the priorities outlined in AMCOW’s work plan; and identify gaps.